This paper shows evidence of why fossil-fueled vehicles were one of the main contributions to why the climate change crisis exists. Fossil-fueled cars produce gas emissions that pollute in the air, causing the average global temperature to rise each year, which creates natural disasters that can kill all living things and homes. Climate change has had many huge events that killed off billions of animals and their homes, the same the people’s homes as well all over the world. Switching to electric cars can reduce emissions immensely because of the renewable resource it consumes. Electric vehicles take in electric and emit no emission, rather than consuming gas and emitting carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Together all this evidence shows that electric vehicles are the way to go in the future. To have a future on earth we must prevent the world from overheating and destroying everything on it. Evidence in this paper shows why electric vehicles would be more beneficial than fossil-fueled vehicles for climate change.
Keywords: electric vehicles, fossil-fueled vehicles, climate change, global warming, temperature, finance, transportation, gas emissions, pollution, carbon dioxide, average global temperature
Electric cars over fossil-fueled cars: How electric cars can help solve climate change and be the future for transportation.
Wonder yourself planning a trip to go on a dive in the ocean. Hoping to see different types of beautiful creatures, and corals, then you approach miles of nothingness, not a single fish nearby. Why is that so? Where are all the fish, and why do all the corals have this white, dry-like texture? Sadly, the fish have migrated or died off because they’ve lost their home or had a limited amount of food source. Issues like this happen nowadays and it all revolves around climate change and global warming. Animals are suffering due to high temperatures all around the world. Wildfires and Coral reefs are largely impacted because of climate-changing. While people think corals don’t mean much or have no value to the world, it does. Corals help build shelters and provide food for most of the fish in the ocean. The same argument goes along with the animals in the wilderness. Wildfires in California, Australia, and the Amazon, etc. are killing and injuring different types of wildlife creatures like koalas, kangaroos, tigers, elephants, and more… We might not be able to see these types of animals anymore if these issues continue to happen in the future. Since we’re aware that animals and their environment are being affected, the same goes along with humans and most things around us. Gas emissions from fossil-fueled cars are spewing out into the atmosphere causing the earth to warm up and destroy our beautiful world. Moving over from fossil-fueled cars to electric cars would help save all living creatures from such events caused by climate change and help the world financially.
Reducing gas emissions from polluting the atmosphere is like trying to help the world from burning up and destroying everything. Air pollution is the main source of wildfires, rising of water level, water temperature rising, the melting of ice caps, different living creatures dying and getting injured, natural disasters being created, etc. According to Milman (2018), the author of, Vehicles are now America’s biggest CO2 source but EPA is tearing up regulations. Milman reports that the largest source of greenhouse gas pollution is cars, planes, trains, and trucks. He states that transportation is the main source of air pollution and causing most of the climate change. The research he retrieved from the organization, Energy Information Administration stated, “…in 2016, about 1.9 billion tons of carbon dioxide emissions were emitted from transportation, up nearly 2% on the previous year.” People are buying more cars every day and the emissions percentage will only grow more each year. Milman indicated that emissions grew 10% between 2012 and 2016 due to people buying more cars and taking more flights around the world. From those numbers that are approximately 2.5% of emissions being emitted each year. Schmidt (2010), an official of NASA study also argued that motor vehicles promote the massive amount of climate change in the world. “Cars, buses, and trucks release pollutants and greenhouse gases that promote warming…” With all the unwanted particles being discharged and carbon dioxide being the main factor of climate change, all living creatures that are getting injured/dying and odd events happening globally are due to air pollution caused by fossil-fueled vehicles.
Every day people’s health is at risk. Animals are dying due to the number of heatwaves; forest fires are clearing out animals’ homes. An increasing number of dangerous hurricanes, tornados, typhoons, and floods are wiping out people’s homes. All these terrible problems will increase over the course of
our lives if carbon emissions are continuously being allowed to be polluted in our atmosphere. In the article entitled, How Will Climate Change Affect the United States in Decades to Come?, the author claimed that since 1901 to 2016, the temperature has increased about 1.8° F. With no progress on reducing emissions, annual global temperature could reach 9° F or more by the end of this century (Hibbard, 2017). That’s nearly five times more than the global average temperature is currently now. Hibbard continued and stated, “Over the next few decades (2021–2050), annual average temperatures are expected to rise by about 2.5° F.” With temperatures rising globally, this could cause the ice caps to melt resulting in the sea level increasing more and more annually. With the sea level
rising taking up more land, bridges and houses can be underwater soon. Sea levels have increased about 7-8 inches since 1900 (Hibbard, 2017). Data from a World Bank study estimated that $1 trillion dollars of damages will be done per year by mid-century (Watts, 2019). $1 trillion dollars sounds quite a bit too much per year just from natural disasters like this. Watts stated, “As the tideline rises higher than the ground people call home, nations will increasingly confront questions about whether, how much and how long coastal defences can protect them.” The water level will continue to rise no matter what we do until we help to reduce the global annual temperature overall. If the world’s temperature increases then more ice will melt, resulting in sea-level rise, then more lives and homes can be taken away. Air pollution can also trigger asthma attacks, heart diseases and cause other health issues (Milman, 2018). Speaking of homes and lives being taken away. A famous article on USAToday by Rice (2020) came out about the Australian wildfire that killed over 1 billion animals. Koalas were already one of the top endangered species, and now they’re on the verge of extinction in Australia. The fires didn’t only kill animals. Rice pointed out that it additionally destroyed areas twice the size of the state of Maryland, destroyed nearly 2,000 homes, and killed 26 people. The same issues are happening underwater as well. Heatwaves are bleaching corals in the ocean which affects the shelter and food for animals underwater (Pierre-Louis and Plumer, 2018). Without shelter and food, where would the fish go? They would migrate to another area with plenty of corals to establish new homes. It’s crazy to say humans are causing earth, homes of different types of creatures to die and have their home destroyed. The world can come together to help reduce gas emissions from causing such dreadful events from repeating itself over and over.
Major countries are taking actions to their own hands to find a way to reduce small particles from polluting the atmosphere. Countries like the United Kingdom, are proposing to ban fossil-fueled vehicles, including hybrid vehicles by 2035 (Duff, 2020). Duff explained that the U.K.’s car market is one of the largest in Europe, 37,850 out of 2.3 million cars were electric vehicles. Duff is letting the audience know that about 1.6% of cars in the U.K. were electric cars. By 2035, those numbers should increase drastically as it should have a negative correlation with carbon dioxide being polluted each year as well. Duff also stated, “Some smaller European countries have already set even more aggressive targets, with Norway banning conventional cars in 2025 and Sweden, Iceland, Denmark, Iceland and the Netherlands aiming for 2030.” Witnessing that these ban proposal against gas-powered cars are becoming more realistic than ever. With the government placing down ban policies, this crisis could be could blow right over everybody’s heads. While countries are starting to take global warming and climate change crises seriously, this act would benefit the world financially too. NPR.org writer, Domonoske (2019) acknowledged that car manufacturers plan to invest more than $90 billion into converting into electric cars in the next few years. Domonoske continued by saying electric cars are easier to make, easier to maintain, and have reliable longevity. Charging electric cars is a lot cheaper than buying gas since electricity is a renewable resource, unlike gas. In the future experts predict that charging electric cars will get quicker and more stations will be available (Domonoske, 2019). Finance does play a huge role in our world. We need finance to help reduce gas emissions, fix what natural disasters damaged, and developing more ways to keep the atmosphere cleaner. Converting from fossil-fueled vehicles to electric vehicles, we would benefit financially because of cheaper renewable energy, less damage to repair from tragic events.
As of today, our lovely planet will only get hotter each year if we don’t find a solution to this climate change. Our evidence shows that 1.9 billion tons of carbon dioxide is being emitted each year from gas-powered vehicles causing the annual global average temperature to rise nearly 1.8° F. From all the heat natural disasters are created, and sadly, it has taken lives and homes away from people and animals in the past. Obviously, this issue is critical and not a lot of people are aware of this issue. Some countries have used their powers to push a policy that will help the climate in the future by reducing gas emissions, but to have a tremendous impact the whole world would have to join and help. If we don’t make a change immediately, we will see more natural disasters happening and more deaths in the world. Gas emissions are one of the biggest contributions to climate change and if we trace it back, it all comes down to fossil-fueled vehicles. There is a possibility that we can reduce this crisis in order to have more time to figure out more ways to prevent global warming from killing every living thing, and that is converting from fossil-fueled vehicles to electric vehicles.
Domonoske, C. (2019, February 16). As More Electric Cars Arrive, What’s The Future For Gas-Powered Engines? NPR.Org. https://www.npr.org/2019/02/16/694303169/as-more-electric-cars-arrive-whats-the-future-for-gas-powered-engines
Duff, M. (2020, February 5). U.K. Moves to End Sales of All Non-Electric Cars by 2035. Car and Driver. https://www.caranddriver.com/news/a30772427/uk-ban-non-electric-cars-2035/
Hibbard, K. (2017, November 3). How Will Climate Change Affect the United States in Decades to Come? Eos. https://eos.org/features/how-will-climate-change-affect-the-united-states-in-decades-to-come
Milman, O. (2018, January 1). Vehicles are now America’s biggest CO2 source but EPA is tearing up regulations. The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2018/jan/01/vehicles-climate-change-emissions-trump-administration
Pierre-Louis, K., & Plumer, B. (2018, January 4). Global Warming’s Toll on Coral Reefs: As if They’re ‘Ravaged by War.’ The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/01/04/climate/coral-reefs-bleaching.html
Rice, D. (2020, January 8). Australian fires: Over 1 billion animals feared dead, experts say. USA Today. https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/world/2020/01/08/australian-fires-over-1-billion-animals-feared-dead-experts-say/2845084001/
Schmidt, G. (2010). Attribution of climate forcing to economic sectors. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 107(8), 3382–3387. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0906548107
Watts, J. (2019, October 29). Rising sea levels pose threat to homes of 300m people – study. The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2019/oct/29/rising-sea-levels-pose-threat-to-homes-of-300m-people-study